Old Production Takes From an Old Guy

Month: May 2015 (Page 1 of 2)


Photo courtesy of  dasWebweib

Photo courtesy of dasWebweib

We’ve got bugs in our house. They’re these little flying gnats that are impossible to catch and buzz around your face constantly. I see them in the kitchen, the living room, the dining room…They are everywhere. I’m really annoyed by them, quite frankly. Whenever I see one near me, I start trying to catch them in my hand, or by clapping my hands together. I almost always miss however, because they seem to posses some kind of teleportation technology that moves them to another part of the house instantly when threatened.

As I sat in the dining room watching one crawl across my cutting board this morning, two thoughts crossed my mind. First, where did I pack the white vinegar; we need to disinfect the cutting board again. Second, and more relevant, it occurred to me how often I focus on the bugs in my life. 

One of the character traits—or flaws, depending on how far we take it—of us technical types, is that we are problem solvers. To be effective problem solvers, we get pretty good at spotting problems. When you’re a hammer, everything looks like a nail. When you are a problem solver, everything can start to look like a problem. 

And when everything is a problem, more specifically, our problem, we tend to get frustrated. 

We miss all the good things that are going on around us because all we see is problems. We miss out on developing deeper relationships with our team and families because we’re too busy solving problems. Eventually, we can get aggravated and frustrated because all we do is solve everyone else’s problems. 

This morning, as I watched that stupid little gnat, it occurred to me how small it was. Really small, in fact. Microdot connector small. Then I looked around at the rest of the house (which is a mess because we’re packing and getting ready to move Tuesday), and I realized that in proportion to everything else in my life, that little bug, which so…bugs me, is really a small deal. In the grand scheme of things, so much more is going right than wrong, and maybe I should be focusing on the right stuff instead of the problems. Maybe I should be spending more time talking with my wife and daughters than trying to kill those gnats. Metaphorically speaking. 

What bugs you? What are you letting bug you that you shouldn’t?


Ask Me Anything!



Most of you probably know this by now, but in case you missed it, in about a week, I will be leaving Sunny California and moving to Nashville. Now that our girls are out on their own, my wife and I decided to head back east, a bit closer to home. We’re very excited about the change and can’t wait to see what God has for us on this next adventure. 

Van offered to drive out there with me and as we considered the possibilities of 22 hours in the car, it occurred to us that we should do something fun. Besides a road trip together. Something fun for all of you. So what we have for you is a chance for audience participation. 

You’ve probably heard of Ask Me Anything, something Reddit does with famous people. We thought it would be fun to do an AMA, or in this case a AMaVA (Ask Mike and Van Anything). Not only are we going to do an AMA, we’re going to record it while we’re driving. 

This is your chance to ask us questions. Collectively, Van and I have about 60 years of live production experience and 25 years on church staffs. It’s safe to say we have learned a thing or two. Moreover, we know a lot of people, so we may even phone a friend, just to make it even more fun. 

Now here is where you come in. Go to our ask me anything page and submit your question(s). We already have quite a few, but remember we have 22 hours in the car. 

This is time-sensitive; we leave on May 28, so you’re going to want to have those questions in by the 27th. Depending on how many questions we have and how long we talk, you’ll be hearing the answers on ChurchTechWeekly in June. Maybe even into July… 

Thanks for reading, and don’t forget, www.churchtecharts.org/ama

Today’s post is brought to you by Elite Core Audio. Elite Core Audio features a premium USA built 16 channel personal monitor mixing system built for the rigors of the road. For Personal Mixing Systems, Snakes, and Cases, visit Elite Core Audio.

Today’s post is brought to you by DPA Microphones. DPA’s range of microphones have earned their reputation  for exceptional clarity,  high resolution, above all, pure, uncolored accurate sound. Whether recording or sound reinforcement, theatrical or broadcast, DPA’s miking solutions have become the choice of professionals with uncompromising demands for sonic excellence.

It’s Not For Us

I had a bit of a revelation this past weekend. This doesn’t happen often, but the Lord showed me something on Mother’s Day that has freed me up from something that has been bugging me for a while now. My wife and I decided to go back to my former church for Mother’s Day. We hadn’t been back since Christmas Eve, and we figured with just a few weeks left in CA, it would be a good chance to connect with some friends again. 

Now, I’ve had a bit of a hard time going back because of the many changes that have taken place since I left. I spent nearly five years there, and also made a bunch of changes. In fact, I changed pretty much everything of a technical nature. There is almost nothing there today that was there six years ago when I arrived. 

As one might expect, the new TD has been putting her own touch on things. Last weekend, I noticed a whole bunch of things that were different from when I wrapped up the renovation last summer. At first, I was a bit put off, wondering what was wrong with what we did then. Then it hit me.

I didn’t build that system for me. 

Even when I was designing the new PA, video system and infrastructure, I knew I would be leaving the church before long. So I tried to design in as much flexibility as I could. I actually remember telling someone I wanted it to be easy to change down the road. Why was I bothered when someone changed it?

As I said, this was really freeing. It was almost exhilarating in fact, to realize that someone did exactly what I designed the system to do—change. The curtains that I fought so hard for have moved. The screen that I cleverly designed to move upstage or downstage is now upstage (I brought it downstage). The truss we re-hung has moved again. 

All this was possible because we designed a system that could change and adapt easily. It may not be the way I would do it, but who cares; I’m not there any more. What is important is that it’s easy for the current and future tech teams to make it their own. 

It occurred to me that as technical leaders we have to be very open-handed with our creations. The truth is we will not be where we are today forever. Someone will come after us. And they will change some or all of what we did. The real question is, will they be cursing our name because of the backwards, proprietary or obtuse way we did something, or thanking us for making it so simple to change. 

You are not going to be the last technical director at your church. That’s a powerful bit of knowledge. What you do today will either help or hurt your successor. Personally, I am now glad things are changing there so much. It means I did my job well. When I got there, there were a few things that I put off changing for 4 or 5 years because it was going to be so hard to fix, it was done that poorly. Now, they’re changing stuff all the time, which means our system updates must have made it easier. 

Think about what you do in the context of how it will effect those who come after you. It may change the way you work.


CTA Review: Ultimate Ears UE18

There are many times when I feel very blessed that ChurchTechArts has grown the way it has. I’ve made some great friends through this site, and had some great experiences. I also get to play with some very impressive technology from time to time. And while I had an absolute blast mixing Easter weekend on the DiGiCo SD5 a few years back, I had to give that back. By far, my favorite product to test is custom IEMs, mainly because once they make them for me, they don’t need them back. 

This is the fourth IEM I’ve reviewed from UE, and they just keep getting better. I got a set of UE7s about 5 years ago, and thought they sounded quite good. As I’ve explored more of the UE range, I appreciate the UE7s more; not because they sound great for general music listening—they don’t—but because they are purpose-built for vocalists, guitar and keyboard players. Then I tried out a set of the Vocal Reference Monitors. Those sound terrible for general music listening, but are amazing for a vocalist. The clarity in the vocal range is unparalleled, and it’s so easy to pull a vocal mix together with them. Last year, I received a set of Reference Monitors. These were developed in partnership with Capital Records Studios, and are designed to be a flat reference for mixing. I thought they sounded great and used them as my everyday ears for almost a year. A few months back, my UE18s showed up, and the RMs now live in the palatial studio.

More Better

First, let’s look at what the 18 is. It’s a six-driver system with two drivers for lows, two for mids and two for highs. Also packed in that little package is a 4-way passive crossover. The sound exits from three separate ports.  The frequency response is quoted at 5 Hz – 20 kHz. That’s right, 5 Hz. Input sensitivity is 115 dB at 1 kHz, 1 mW. Impedance is 21 Ohms at 1 kHz.

All three of my other UEs are 3-driver models and to be honest, I kind of poo-poo’d the more drivers is better concept. At least until I put them on. 

The sound coming out of these things is simply incredible. I’ve found myself listening to them on a flight, and been completely unwilling to take them off when I land. Twice have I walked through airports continuing to listen to a given album because it just sounds so good! 

Sound Profile

As I’ve spent more time with the guys at UE, I’ve learned that each model has a target sound profile, which makes them useful for different purposes. For example, the UE7 has some low- and high-end rolloff that emphasizes more of the midrange, and cuts down on listener fatigue. This is perfect for musicians whose instruments occupy that middle frequency zone. However, give them to a drummer or bass player and they’re going to be disappointed. The RMs are almost ruler-flat, and perfect for making mixing decisions. They are incredibly detailed and clean, but tend to sound a little sterile.

The UE18s sound a lot like I like to tune my PAs. There is a nice bass haystack at the low end, smooth and flat through the midrange with just a little taken off at the top so they are not harsh or fatiguing to listen to. Thankfully, the low end isn’t over-emphasized, and it remains detailed and clean. There is still detail in the top end, it just doesn’t assault you. 

I don’t hear nearly as much clarity throughout the midrange as I do in the VRMs for example, but I wouldn’t expect to. This is not to say there is no detail there; there is more than enough. It’s just not emphasized as much. 

What you find is that there are different models that suit different tasks. For drummers and bass players, I would heartily recommend the UE18s (and from what I understand the 11s, but we’ll have to wait and hear…). If budget is tight, the UE5 is also well suited to more low end. 

Big Sound

The soundstage of the UE18 is big, wide and detailed. Listening to Zac Brown’s new album is a great test of these IEMs. On that album, we have everything from soft acoustic sections, large groups of vocals panned all over the place, heavily distorted bass lines, and full-on rock tunes. The 18s handle it all with ease, never sounding like they’re even working hard. 

The only thing I’ve heard that accurately gives me the sense of sitting near a stack of subs is my Heil ProSet 3 headphones. Those are rated to go down to 10 Hz, and remember these are rated to 5 Hz. Of course, I suspect that’s a 10 dB down point, but still. The bottom line is they sound amazing. I would not suggest everyone in the band needs these and they are pretty expensive. The cost is not insignificant—$1350 list—but now that my daughter is out of college and I have a little more disposable income, I might be willing to spend it. Especially after I started pricing out new washer and dryer sets. Totally off-topic, but we’re getting ready to move. 

I’ll put it this way; should you spend the money on these, you will not be disappointed. You will have a hard time wanting to take them out, however.

Today’s post is brought to you by Elite Core Audio. Elite Core Audio features a premium USA built 16 channel personal monitor mixing system built for the rigors of the road. For Personal Mixing Systems, Snakes, and Cases, visit Elite Core Audio.

Choosing a New Audio Console, Pt. 3

We’re in the home stretch! We’ve already covered my belief that for the most part, most modern audio consoles sound good enough for most churches. We’ve talked about how important expandability and usability is, and considered if it needs to be volunteer friendly or not (that may become another post at some point…). Today we’ll wrap up with some final considerations for purchasing a new audio console.


As much as we’d like all components from all manufacturers to play nice together, the reality is they don’t. Even with common transport protocols like Dante and MADI, it’s not always possible to take equipment from company A and make it work with company B. To be fair, Dante is making interoperability easier, but that comes with it’s own set of complexities. 

Some manufacturers offer a complete ecosystem; consoles, stage racks, recorders, maybe even in-ear monitors. Going this route makes integration and support much easier. When everything is designed to work together, it usually does and works better than systems that were not so integrated. This isn’t to say you can’t mix and match, but you have to be a lot more careful.

Another way to look at an ecosystem is to consider how the systems scale. You may have a main venue that requires a big console, and two or three other venues that only need smaller desks. Does the company make consoles of various sizes that will work in both settings? Whenever possible, I like to keep consoles similar throughout the venue. This minimizes training time and makes it easy for operators to move among rooms easily. This isn’t always possible, but consider it when you can.


Generally, most manufacturers offer pretty good support for their consoles. But some will offer reps who are in or near your town. Others may have a really great reputation for 24/7 phone support. Some do not. This is a good question to ask when shopping for a console. For those of us who work in the Church, we don’t usually have problems between the hours of 8-4 PM, Eastern time Monday-Friday. Our problems tend to crop up at 7:30 AM on Sunday. What happens when you pick up the phone to call? 

Sometimes, it will be up to the dealer to provide support. Again, this is a question you should ask before purchasing. 


This is similar to ecosystem, but I want to emphasize the console being able to work with existing equipment. For the most part, audio consoles will input and output analog audio, which is pretty much universally compatible. But let’s say you have a PA with a DSP that will take AES audio or analog. AES would be better, but how easy is it to get AES out of your console? Some have AES outputs built in, others require a card. 

You may have a dedicated monitor or broadcast desk. How easy is it to make all that work? It may be as simple as an analog split, which may already be in place, however, it’s not the most elegant. A digital split might be better, but will the new console be able to split with the other ones? It may be that you want to replace all the consoles eventually, but how do you bridge the gap?

Perhaps you have your heart set on a particular personal mixing system and you’re looking for options to translate one digital protocol to another. Sometimes that can work OK, other times, it’s a headache. Be sure everything in the system will talk and play nicely before spending money on the new console. 

There you have it. My non-exhaustive list on things to consider before buying a new audio console. It’s easy to get excited about new equipment announcements and articles about how great a given console sounds. But in my experience, the console is usually not the weakest link in a church sound system. Consider the rest of the system, the operators and even the source material. For the most part, most modern consoles sound good enough. Think through the rest of the system and make sure it meets all of the needs


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Choosing a New Audio Console, Pt. 2

Last time, we started a series on things to think about when choosing a new audio console. I probably already ruffled some feathers when I said that I didn’t believe sound quality was the only thing worth considering. In fact, I think for the vast majority of churches in the US, most consoles sound good enough. With that in mind, here are a few more things that I thing should probably be weighed heavier than sound quality. 


There are some consoles out there that sound fantastic but I find to be almost unusable due to their user interface. If I told you which ones I thought they were, I’d get a bunch of comments telling me I’m wrong. That’s because usability is a semi-subjective metric. I do believe there are very well designed user interfaces out there and some pretty poor ones. However, you can learn and become good at just about anything given enough time. I’m not entirely sure usability is equal, either. By that I mean, something that I find completely unusable you may find perfectly fine. We’re all wired a bit differently, so it’s important to find the right equipment.

My basic test of console usability is to walk up to and find out how much I can do without any instruction. If I can do all (or most) of the things I would normally do on a weekend without asking any questions, the console gets a high usability rating from me. If I can’t find basic functions, figure out routing, or get channels patched, we have a problem. 

Part of the challenge here is that audio consoles are getting more impressive in terms of what they can do, which brings increased complexity. And, in most church settings, you are not going to be the only person to use the console. Or the last person to use it. So we have to step back a bit and try to figure out what will be usable by the majority of people on our team, current and future. 

Again, this is subjective. Think about what your team knows already and what they’re comfortable with. What do you know and how do you like to work? Can you make the desk do what you want, easily, without consulting the manual? Keep in mind most manuals are worthless. How many button presses away are common functions? Think about how you work and how the console under consideration works. You may also need or want to change your workflow in order to become more efficient. These are all things to think about.

Volunteer Friendliness

This may or may not be a factor. Many churches have volunteers mixing their services, and for those churches, it’s important to choose a console they will be able to use. Back in the days when analog consoles reigned, this wasn’t such a big deal. Sure, a really large console would have a lot of buttons and knobs, but they were all labeled and it was generally pretty obvious what they did. In the age of digital, we now deal with fewer knobs and buttons, but many more layers, menus and screens. This can be intimidating to less skilled operators.

Some might argue that if a person can’t learn the console, they have no business mixing. That may be true, but not all churches have the luxury of having only highly skilled operators. Many churches need to get along with guys and gals who want to serve, even if they don’t know all the intricacies of the console. 

The fact is, digital consoles can be complex devices, and if your church is planning on buying one, make sure sufficient training is included in the purchase price. The last thing you want to do is buy a console that is so intimidating to your volunteers they all quit. Sometimes this can be eliminated with good training. Sometimes, a different console is needed. Choose carefully.

Of course, if a church has paid operators, either staff or contractor, at that point, it’s up to the engineers to learn the desk. In that case, volunteer friendly doesn’t matter. Know what works for your church.

That last line is an important one. It’s very important when buying equipment for your church that you know what will work in that setting. Buying gear you saw at the big church during the conference—or worse, gear your pastor saw at the conference—may not always be the best bet. It has to make sense for your church. 

Next time, we’ll wrap this up with the final three considerations for purchasing a new audio console

Today’s post is brought to you by Elite Core Audio. Elite Core Audio features a premium USA built 16 channel personal monitor mixing system built for the rigors of the road. For Personal Mixing Systems, Snakes, and Cases, visit Elite Core Audio.

Choosing a New Audio Console, Pt. 1

One of the things I really enjoy about my job is that I get to help churches choose AVL equipment. I am not that enamored with gear necessarily, but I enjoy the exercise of matching features and benefits with needs. We are in a golden age of equipment right now. There is a ton to choose from, and most of it is really good—or at least good enough. And we can do more than ever with it. 

With the recent introduction of new consoles from Yamaha, DiGiCo, Avid, Roland and more, it seems everyone is getting into the pick the “best” console game. The interwebs were alight with arguments on whether one was better than another. Honestly, I’m not sure it matters all that much.

I may take some flak for this, but in this series, I am going to assume that all modern consoles sound good enough. That is not to say that one may not sound better than another, though “better” is often highly subjective. My premise is that for the most part, in most applications, any console from any of the major manufacturers will give you an acceptable sound signature. By acceptable, I mean that the people in the pews won’t be sitting there thinking, “Man, I wish they hand’t bought that console, but this other one.” 

Again, it’s not that sound quality doesn’t matter, or that there is no difference. My point is that for the most part, I would weigh other factors heavier than absolute sound quality. Back when I was in college, we had an acronym we used often—AOTBE—All Other Things Being Equal. Now, if you can find two consoles that are equal in terms of all the other criteria you need and one sounds better, sound quality can become your tie breaker. But all other things are rarely equal and it pays to check out the whole picture before landing on a console.

What other criteria do I think are important, nay more important than absolute sound quality? Read on… This list is not likely exhaustive and it’s not necessarily in order of importance. That’s because the order of importance will change based on the situation. For some churches, how easily the console can be operated by non-professionals is very important; in others, not so much. As they say, your mileage may vary. But here are some things I think you should consider before buying an audio console.

Expandability, both Temporary and Permanent

Sometimes when I’m working with churches, they will tell me they need a minimum of 96 channels in their next console. I ask them how many they use on a normal weekend, and it’s surprising how many will say 28-34. Yet they feel they absolutely must have 96 channels because once a year they do a big production. Given that the price gap between 40-ish channels and 96 channels can be sizable, it may be more important to find a console that will do 40 channels most of the year yet give them the ability to rent in more channels for Christmas. Or maybe they just rent the larger version of the console for that week. Using less than 50% of the console all year long just so you have that capacity for on week a year may not be the best stewardship.

Sometimes a church is young and growing and they see themselves needing a higher channel count as the church, and thus the band, grows. In that case, we want to look for a desk that has an easy way to add channel count—or more correctly input count. This is generally easy for digital consoles, thought it assumes the mixing engine can actually mix the additional inputs. Again, this is where taking to someone with a wide understanding of current technology is helpful. 

Be realistic with your assessments here. You don’t want to buy a console that is full on the first week, but you don’t want to over-buy, either. It’s a bit of a balancing act, but the good news is most console manufacturers offer models that fit every use case. And many can scale up and down depending on what you need it to do. 

OK, that’s just one of the six characteristics I believe need to be considered before buying a new audio console. Next time, we’ll be back with a few more. Stay tuned!


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